Current News

Current News

That day back in 791 AD, Bulgarian Army led by Khan Kardam won the battle by the Markella Fortress

That day back in 791 AD, Bulgarian Army led by Khan Kardam won the battle by the Markella Fortress

7/20/2021 8:00:00 AM

The name of Kardam is first encountered in the Byzantine sources in 791, when Emperor Constantine VI embarked on an expedition against Bulgaria, in retaliation for Bulgarian incursions in the Struma valley since 789. Kardam pre-empted the Byzantine invasion and met the enemy near Adrianople in Thrace. The Byzantine army was defeated and turned to flight.

In 792 Constantine VI led another army against the Bulgarians and encamped at Marcellae (near Karnobat), which he proceeded to fortify. Kardam arrived with his army on July 20 and occupied the neighboring heights. After some time passed with the two forces sizing up, Constantine VI gave in to the reassuring advice of a "false prophet" and ordered the attack. But the Byzantine forces lost formation and once again were defeated and turned to flight, while Kardam captured the imperial tent and the emperor's servants (battle of Marcelae). After his return to Constantinople, Constantine VI signed a peace treaty and undertook to pay an annual tribute to Bulgaria.

By 796 the imperial government was recalcitrant and Kardam found it necessary to demand the tribute while threatening to devastate Thrace if it were not paid. According to the chronicler Theophanes the Confessor, Constantine VI mocked the demand by having dung sent instead of gold as "fitting tribute" and promising to lead a new army against the elderly Kardam at Marcellae. Once again the emperor headed north, and once again it encountered Kardam in the vicinity of Adrianople. The armies faced each other for 17 days without entering into battle, while the two monarchs probably engaged in negotiations. In the end conflict was averted and the peace resumed on the same terms as in 792.

The reign of Kardam represents the restoration of order in Bulgaria, which had suffered from a rapid turnover of rulers and had been repeatedly defeated by the Byzantines in the third quarter of the 8th century. Kardam not only stood his ground against Constantine VI (who was trying to emulate his much more successful grandfather and namesake Constantine V), but he may have succeeded in precipitating a crisis at the Byzantine court, where Constantine VI's repeated failures undermined the emperor's position and he was dethroned by his mother Irene in 797. Kardam probably did not long survive his opponent, as he is not heard of after 796 and was already dead in 803.

The 17th century Volga Bulgar compilation Ja'far Tarikh (a work of disputed authenticity) represents Karadžam (i.e., Kardam) as the brother of Azan Tokta (i.e., Toktu), and as the grandson of Suvar (Sevar). The same source represents his successor Korym (i.e., Krum), as his nephew. If all this is correct, Kardam's accession signifies the final restoration of the Dulo clan, which would have retained the throne until the death of Roman in 997.

info: Wikipedia

 

 

Reminiscence of the writer Nikolay Haitov
Based on a publication in the Maritsa Newspaper:A new fountain with a bas-relief monument of the eminent Bulgarian writer Nikolay Haitov were unveiled by his fellow villagers in his home village o...
The archaeological findings ? an essential issue for Bulgaria
A new Thracian acropolis near the village of Novo Zhelezare was uncovered by the team of archaeologists, led by Dr. Georgi Kitov. It is part of the Thracian cult complex near the Starosel village. ...
In honour to the Day of Plovdiv
In honour to the Day of Plovdiv
9/6/2003 12:00:00 AM
In honour to the Day of Plovdiv, after a 12-year silence, the first Singing Fountains in Bulgaria were released, working again in its full glory. The very pond the fountains are placed in, is part ...
The celebrations of the Day of Plovdiv
Each city has a special Feast Day to celebrate, and Plovdiv is not exclusion to that rule ? the citizens of Plovdiv celebrate the Plovdiv Day each year on September 6th. Our city will be very beaut...
The Pamporovo Mountain Resort
The Pamporovo Mountain Resort
9/4/2003 12:00:00 AM
   Information about the resort based on the Pamporovo Info Centre:   Location: the Central Rhodopes   Altitude: 1650 m   Closest peak: Snezhanka Pe...
September ? the month of cultural events in Plovdiv
Based on a publication from the Culture Pages of the Maritsa newspaperThe first item of news is dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the birth of the great artist Zlatuy Boyadzhiev, which will...
Cultural Events in the Balabanov House in the Old Town
Based on a publication in the Maritsa newspaperYesterday the Plovdiv Mayor, Dr. Ivan Chomakov, opened the already traditional for Plovdiv National Autumn Painting Exhibition. The opening took p...
Exercise Cooperative Key 2003
Exercise Cooperative Key 2003
9/1/2003 12:00:00 AM
The Defence Ministry has set a 2.4 million leva budget for the international air force exercise Cooperative Key 2003 in September, Air Force HQ commander Gen. Dimiter Georgiev told the press Thursd...
Kazanluk (Southern Bulgaria) and UNESCO
Kazanluk (Southern Bulgaria),  - UNESCO is studying the Valley of Thracian Rulers project, UNESCO Director General Koichiro Matsuura told BTA in response to a question. He is the first UNESCO ...
4.5 M Tourists to Visit Bulgaria in 2005
Bulgaria expects some 4.5 million foreign tourists in 2005, reads the Tourism Development Strategy, Deputy Minister of Economy Dimitar Hadjinikolov informed in Varna. US$2 million revenues to the f...