Current News

Current News

Stefan Stambolov (1854 - 1895) was born on that day

Stefan Stambolov (1854 - 1895) was born on that day

1/31/2021 8:00:00 AM

He is the most enthusiastically praised and the most violently denounced politician in Bulgaria's modern history, and what could be a better proof that his extraordinary personality. Born in Turnovo in 1854, he made his way into political life after the Liberation of Bulgaria in 1878. He was a student at the Odessa Seminary, an envoy of the Central Revolutionary Committee in Bucharest, leader of the suppressed uprising in Stara Zagora in 1875, head of the 1876 April Uprising in the region of Turnovo - indeed, he participated in all stages of the national liberation movement. He also wrote a book of poems, called "Songs and Poems by Botyov and Stambolov", and worked as a journalist for the Nova Bulgaria newspaper. And there was a lot more than that in his versatile and complex personality.

In the first post-liberation years he threw himself with equal energy and ambition into the struggle against the Treaty of Berlin, into the formation of a Liberal Party and into parliamentary debates. Stambolov actively supported the 1885 Unification of the Principality of Bulgaria with Eastern Rumelia. And when Bulgarians were called to defend their Fatherland in the war with Serbia, Stambolov, who was at the time Chairman of the National Assembly, put on a soldier's uniform.

He was not one of Prince Alexander Battemberg's admirers. in fact, he opposed the Prince's absolute power and demanded the restoration of the Turnovo Constitution. But in a moment which was crucial for the state he was the one to oppose Prince Alexander's abdication. His resolution and his ability to distinguish the possible from the impossible turned the former revolutionary into the most influential and respected politician of the Principality of Bulgaria. He was the natural choice for a first regent during the brief interim preceding the selection of a new monarch.

Stambolov displayed the best of his political talent as Prime Minister from 20 August, 1887 to 17 May, 1894. His rule represented the strongest push for Bulgaria's overall development towards European standards. He was responsible for Bulgaria's modernization in economic, political, administrative and cultural aspects. His laws revealed a modern statesman's way of thinking. foreign diplomat once exclaimed. Striving for economic and political development, he built a complex transport network, created laws which promoted agriculture, provided government protection for locally produced goods, and signed favorable trade contracts with the large European states. He sought to improve health care, local self-government, culture and urban development.

On the other hand, Stambolov's adversaries had much to blame him for: authoritarian rule, violent treatment of political opponents, persecution of the opposition. Despotic, ambitious and militant, Stambolov did not care about obstacles when pursuing an objective. His purposefulness eventually led to a clash with the no less ambitious Tsar Ferdinand and sealed his political fate.

In Western Europe, Stambolov has been referred to as "the Bulgarian Bismarck". The strength of his foreign policy also reminded some of the German "Iron Chancellor". Many historians describe him as a "Russophobe" because of his daring decision to break off relations with liberator Russia. On the other hand, he did not rely on the West, either, telling Bulgarian diplomats, "We can never count on Austria because of our interests in Macedonia".

Stambolov carefully maintained the internal political independence of his country. He sought diplomatic support in Britain and Austro-Hungary, but his commitment to London and Vienna in no way impaired Bulgaria's national interests. He tactfully pursued a peaceful consolidation of Bulgarian church and education in Macedonia. He was the only person able to bring the "Bulgarian issue", which sprang from the severance of relations with Russia and the lack of international recognition of Tsar Ferdinand, to a successful resolution. After meeting with him, monarchs, aristocrats, diplomats and statesmen invariably felt respect for Stambolov.

He was slain by compatriots a year after he had resigned as prime minister, in 1895, at the age of 41 - the usual lot of a statesman born before his time.

The information has been taken from Bulgaria.com, Rulers of Bulgaria section.

* One symbolic image - Stambolov against the Russian Church. Church of murder him ...

Dobromir Rahnev, Plovdiv, BULGARIA ? First prize in the 44th International Mathematical Olympiad'2003
International Mathematical Olympiad?2003, Japan, TokyoFirst prize: Dobromir Rahnev, Plovdiv, BULGARIAHe is finishing the Mathematical School Secondary of Plovdiv this year and it is the cus...
The Bulgarian mountaineer Mr.Nikolay Petkov
The narrow edge between the reasonable and unreasonable risk must not be crossed over. We have to be wise and brave towards Mount Everest, says Nikolay Petkov\r\nNikolay Petkov was born in 1...
International painting plain-air in Plovdiv (6 - 10 July'03)
The followin  acftititie was carried out in Plovdiv this week - International painting plain-air.It are organasing annually in Old Town by Municipality Plovdiv-Department "Culture&quo...
STARINNA GALLERY, OLD TOWN-PLOVDIV, BULGARIA
"STARINNA" GALLERY2, January Str.Old Town - PlovdivBULGARIAThe Trust of Arts & Crafts Masters.Starinna galery offers products rom the masters of arts and crafts. Here you wi...
Foreign Tourists Spent US$ 224 M in Bulgaria
In the first four months of 2003 the revenues from international tourism in Bulgaria amount to US$ 224 m...
PYGMALION PRESS, Plovdiv
PYGMALION PRESS, Plovdiv
7/7/2003 12:00:00 AM
We would like to present you PYGMALION press, Plovdiv and its second revised edition ?Plovdiv into The New Millennium? .Pygmalion Press was established in October 1992 in Plovdiv.One of&nbs...
A bikers' gathering in Plovdiv
A bikers' gathering in Plovdiv
7/6/2003 12:00:00 AM
Bikers Drained 7,000 Bottles of BeerMotors roaring, hard rock, beer and grill galore, responsive girls, this is what a bikers' gathering is. The biggest is in Plovdiv. The Wind's Sons...
Just an attempt to save the real beauty of Plovdiv
Plovdiv ? the city that has managed to preserve the very dawn of the human civilization. You could sense that any time when you touch the stones used to built the glorious ancient theatre of Philip...
Foreigners Went Crazy about Safari in Strandja
The four-crown Magnoliite Hotel in Primorsko, owned by Albena AD offers jeep-safari. The track is 25 km long running through steep mountain hills and brooks. The group consists of 30 tourists. The ...
2 Important News for Foreign Tourists...
1. Regular flights from Sofia to Bourgas 3 times per WeekFrom July 4 on, Hemus Air airlines will carry out regular flights from Sofia to Bourgas, said Dimitar Pavlov, CEO of the airlines. On Mo...