Current News

Current News

That day back in 791 AD, Bulgarian Army led by Khan Kardam won the battle by the Markella Fortress

That day back in 791 AD, Bulgarian Army led by Khan Kardam won the battle by the Markella Fortress

7/20/2021 8:00:00 AM

The name of Kardam is first encountered in the Byzantine sources in 791, when Emperor Constantine VI embarked on an expedition against Bulgaria, in retaliation for Bulgarian incursions in the Struma valley since 789. Kardam pre-empted the Byzantine invasion and met the enemy near Adrianople in Thrace. The Byzantine army was defeated and turned to flight.

In 792 Constantine VI led another army against the Bulgarians and encamped at Marcellae (near Karnobat), which he proceeded to fortify. Kardam arrived with his army on July 20 and occupied the neighboring heights. After some time passed with the two forces sizing up, Constantine VI gave in to the reassuring advice of a "false prophet" and ordered the attack. But the Byzantine forces lost formation and once again were defeated and turned to flight, while Kardam captured the imperial tent and the emperor's servants (battle of Marcelae). After his return to Constantinople, Constantine VI signed a peace treaty and undertook to pay an annual tribute to Bulgaria.

By 796 the imperial government was recalcitrant and Kardam found it necessary to demand the tribute while threatening to devastate Thrace if it were not paid. According to the chronicler Theophanes the Confessor, Constantine VI mocked the demand by having dung sent instead of gold as "fitting tribute" and promising to lead a new army against the elderly Kardam at Marcellae. Once again the emperor headed north, and once again it encountered Kardam in the vicinity of Adrianople. The armies faced each other for 17 days without entering into battle, while the two monarchs probably engaged in negotiations. In the end conflict was averted and the peace resumed on the same terms as in 792.

The reign of Kardam represents the restoration of order in Bulgaria, which had suffered from a rapid turnover of rulers and had been repeatedly defeated by the Byzantines in the third quarter of the 8th century. Kardam not only stood his ground against Constantine VI (who was trying to emulate his much more successful grandfather and namesake Constantine V), but he may have succeeded in precipitating a crisis at the Byzantine court, where Constantine VI's repeated failures undermined the emperor's position and he was dethroned by his mother Irene in 797. Kardam probably did not long survive his opponent, as he is not heard of after 796 and was already dead in 803.

The 17th century Volga Bulgar compilation Ja'far Tarikh (a work of disputed authenticity) represents Karadžam (i.e., Kardam) as the brother of Azan Tokta (i.e., Toktu), and as the grandson of Suvar (Sevar). The same source represents his successor Korym (i.e., Krum), as his nephew. If all this is correct, Kardam's accession signifies the final restoration of the Dulo clan, which would have retained the throne until the death of Roman in 997.

info: Wikipedia

 

 

SUMMER ATANASSOVDEN
SUMMER ATANASSOVDEN
7/5/2021 10:00:00 AM
Name day of everyone named Atanas, Atanaska (although they rather celebrate on January 18th of each year).
July Morning- once again on the seashore with Uriah Heep
The sun rises every day, but it is probably only on 1 July that the sunrise is given a rapturous welcome accompanied by beer, rock music and bonfires.
ST. COSMAS AND ST. DAMIAN Feastday (The Holy Healers Day)
The day of the Christian saints Cosmas and Damian (in BG version: Kozma and Damyan) is considered a very big feastday.
Today is PAVLYOVDEN (ST. PAUL’s Day)
Name day of everyone named  Pavel, Pavlina, Polya.
Today is PETROVDEN (ST. PETER S Day)
Name day of everyone named Peter, Penka, Kamen, Pencho, Peyo, Pesho, Petrana, Petrana; also Assen, Assya, Apostol, Krum, Chavdar
Ivan Vazov (June 27, 1850 - September 22, 1921)
Ivan Vazov was a Bulgarian poet, novelist and playwright. He was born in Sopot, a town situated in the Rose valley of Bulgaria.
World Drug Fighting Day
World Drug Fighting Day
6/26/2021 9:17:00 AM
It is better to treat drug addicted rather than punish them - that is the change in the legal system the Plovdiv "Mothers against Drugs" Association stands for.
Today is ENYOVDEN  (Midsummer Day)
Today is ENYOVDEN (Midsummer Day)
6/24/2021 9:00:00 AM
This ancient Bulgarian ritual is considered the turning point in the mythological calendar of the ancient people -a ritual connected to the summer Equinox, when the day is longest and...
ROUSSALSKA NEDELIA (Midsummer Week) - the week after Pentecost
It is the week from Spirits' Day until next Sunday, when healers called "kaloushari" visit people's homes. People believe that after their visit there will be only health.
PENTECOST / HOLY TRINITY (50 Days after Easter )
50 Days after Easter is the feastday Pentecost (Whitsunday), also called Holy Trinity.